Statistical Mechanics And Dynamics Of Driven And Active Systems PDF Books

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Statistical Mechanics And Dynamics Of Driven And Active Systems

Statistical Mechanics And Dynamics Of Driven And Active Systems
Author: Katherine Klymko
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Systems driven out of equilibrium display a rich variety of patterns and surprising response behaviors. There exist different types of non-equilibrium processes, for instance a system that has been prepared in a non-Boltzmann initial state and is relaxing back to equilibrium, or a system that adopts a non-equilibrium steady state distribution when it is driven by an external field. In these different cases, the main characteristic that distinguishes these systems as non-equilibrium is that they are constantly dissipating heat, or likewise producing entropy. This entropy production is often the starting point for developing a systematic theory to describe such non-equilibrium processes. Entropy production can be related to the irreversible processes occurring within a system. Particularly strong statements can be made about non-equilibrium systems when a local equilibrium assumption can be made, that is, when smaller subsets of a large system can be considered to be in equilibrium. This turns out to be justified for a wide variety of systems under different conditions. When this holds, the entropy production can be written as a generalized thermodynamic force (often the gradient of some intensive variable of the system) multiplied by a flux. When the thermodynamic force is small, the fluxes can be written as linear combinations of the thermodynamic forces, connected by response coefficients–this is known as linear irreversible thermodynamics. The full extension of equilibrium thermodynamic concepts to dissipative processes beyond this linear regime, including the development of microscopic principles justifying irreversible thermodynamic theories (as equilibrium statistical mechanics justifies equilibrium thermodynamics), is still a work in progress. In this thesis, we work towards advancing the thermodynamic theory of non-equilibrium phenomena by studying models of driven-diffusive systems, growth processes, and active matter. We use developments from stochastic thermodynamics, large deviation theory, and irreversible thermodynamics to characterize the non-equilibrium phases and properties exhibited by these systems. We question to what extent equilibrium approximations are valid for predicting pattern formation in these systems and whether there exist general unifying features describing these non-equilibriums processes. In the process we develop trajectory sampling methods to investigate the statistics of dynamical order parameters distinguishing these phases. We show how the first and second laws of thermodynamics, including consistent expressions for entropy production, can be extended to active systems, where microscopic reversibility is broken at the level of individual particles. Additionally we derive fluctuation relations, exact analytical results for the fluctuations of entropy production in the form of equalities, for the entropy production in active systems. We also extend the Irving-Kirkwood procedure to active systems, deriving the balance laws of mass, momentum, and energy. Consequently we obtain expressions for the stress and couple stress tensors in the system as functions of the microscopic variables. This provides a foundation to extend the framework of irreversible thermodynamics to active systems.
Statistical Mechanics and Dynamics of Driven and Active Systems
Language: en
Pages: 150
Authors: Katherine Klymko
Categories:
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018 - Publisher:
Systems driven out of equilibrium display a rich variety of patterns and surprising response behaviors. There exist different types of non-equilibrium processes, for instance a system that has been prepared in a non-Boltzmann initial state and is relaxing back to equilibrium, or a system that adopts a non-equilibrium steady state distribution when it is driven by an external field. In these different cases, the main characteristic that distinguishes these systems as non-equilibrium is that they are constantly dissipating heat, or likewise producing entropy. This entropy production is often the starting point for developing a systematic theory to describe such non-equilibrium processes. Entropy production can be related to the irreversible processes occurring within a system. Particularly strong statements can be made about non-equilibrium systems when a local equilibrium assumption can be made, that is, when smaller subsets of a large system can be considered to be in equilibrium. This turns out to be justified for a wide variety of systems under different conditions. When this holds, the entropy production can be written as a generalized thermodynamic force (often the gradient of some intensive variable of the system) multiplied by a flux. When the thermodynamic force is small, the fluxes can be
Lattice Models for Fluctuating Hydrodynamics in Granular and Active Matter
Language: en
Pages: 200
Authors: Alessandro Manacorda
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-07-28 - Publisher: Springer
This book investigates the common nature of granular and active systems, which is rooted in their intrinsic out-of-equilibrium behavior, with the aim of finding minimal models able to reproduce and predict the complex collective behavior observed in experiments and simulations. Granular and active matter are among the most studied systems in out-of-equilibrium statistical physics. The book guides readers through the derivation of a fluctuating hydrodynamic description of granular and active matter by means of controlled and transparent mathematical assumptions made on a lattice model. It also shows how a macroscopic description can be provided from microscopic requirements, leading to the prediction of collective states such as cooling, swarming, clustering and the transitions among them. The analytical and numerical results shed new light on the physical connection between the local, microscopic properties of few particles and the macroscopic collective motion of the whole system.
Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics of Small Systems
Language: en
Pages: 334
Authors: Andrea Puglisi, Alessandro Sarracino , Angelo Vulpiani
Categories: Mathematics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-09-04 - Publisher: MDPI
This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics of Small Systems" that was published in Entropy
Statistical Thermodynamics And Stochastic Theory Of Nonequilibrium Systems
Language: en
Pages: 344
Authors: Ebeling Werner, Sokolov Igor
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2005-09-23 - Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
This book presents both the fundamentals and the major research topics in statistical physics of systems out of equilibrium. It summarizes different approaches to describe such systems on the thermodynamic and stochastic levels, and discusses a variety of areas including reactions, anomalous kinetics, and the behavior of self-propelling particles.
The Transition to Chaos
Language: en
Pages: 675
Authors: Linda Reichl
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-11-11 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Based on courses given at the universities of Texas and California, this book treats an active field of research that touches upon the foundations of physics and chemistry. It presents, in as simple a manner as possible, the basic mechanisms that determine the dynamical evolution of both classical and quantum systems in sufficient generality to include quantum phenomena. The book begins with a discussion of Noether's theorem, integrability, KAM theory, and a definition of chaotic behavior; continues with a detailed discussion of area-preserving maps, integrable quantum systems, spectral properties, path integrals, and periodically driven systems; and concludes by showing how to apply the ideas to stochastic systems. The presentation is complete and self-contained; appendices provide much of the needed mathematical background, and there are extensive references to the current literature; while problems at the ends of chapters help students clarify their understanding. This new edition has an updated presentation throughout, and a new chapter on open quantum systems.
Order and Fluctuations in Collective Dynamics of Swimming Bacteria
Language: en
Pages: 128
Authors: Daiki Nishiguchi
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-01-31 - Publisher: Springer Nature
This thesis focuses on experimental studies on collective motion using swimming bacteria as model active-matter systems. It offers comprehensive reviews of state-of-the-art theories and experiments on collective motion from the viewpoint of nonequilibrium statistical physics. The author presents his experimental studies on two major classes of collective motion that had been well studied theoretically. Firstly, swimming filamentous bacteria in a thin fluid layer are shown to exhibit true, long-range orientational order and anomalously strong giant density fluctuations, which are considered universal and landmark signatures of collective motion by many numerical and theoretical works but have never been observed in real systems. Secondly, chaotic bacterial turbulence in a three-dimensional dense suspension without any long-range order as described in the first half is demonstrated to be capable of achieving antiferromagnetic vortex order by imposing a small number of constraints with appropriate periodicity. The experimental results presented significantly advance our fundamental understanding of order and fluctuations in collective motion of motile elements and their future applications.
Collective Langevin dynamics of conformational motions in proteins
Language: de
Pages: 160
Authors: Oliver Lange
Categories: Proteine - Konformation - Langevin-Gleichung
Type: BOOK - Published: 2006 - Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag
Books about Collective Langevin dynamics of conformational motions in proteins
Universality in Statistical Physics and Synergetics
Language: de
Pages: 263
Authors: Volker A. Weberruß
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-07-29 - Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Books about Universality in Statistical Physics and Synergetics
Microscopic Chaos, Fractals and Transport in Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics
Language: en
Pages: 441
Authors: Rainer Klages
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007 - Publisher: World Scientific
A valuable introduction for newcomers as well as an important reference and source of inspiration for established researchers, this book provides an up-to-date summary of central topics in the field of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and dynamical systems theory.Understanding macroscopic properties of matter starting from microscopic chaos in the equations of motion of single atoms or molecules is a key problem in nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. Of particular interest both for theory and applications are transport processes such as diffusion, reaction, conduction and viscosity.Recent advances towards a deterministic theory of nonequilibrium statistical physics are summarized: Both Hamiltonian dynamical systems under nonequilibrium boundary conditions and non-Hamiltonian modelings of nonequilibrium steady states by using thermal reservoirs are considered. The surprising new results include transport coefficients that are fractal functions of control parameters, fundamental relations between transport coefficients and chaos quantities, and an understanding of nonequilibrium entropy production in terms of fractal measures and attractors.The theory is particularly useful for the description of many-particle systems with properties in-between conventional thermodynamics and nonlinear science, as they are frequently encountered on nanoscales.
The Statistical Physics of Fixation and Equilibration in Individual-Based Models
Language: en
Pages: 164
Authors: Peter Ashcroft
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-07-29 - Publisher: Springer
This thesis explores several interdisciplinary topics at the border of theoretical physics and biology, presenting results that demonstrate the power of methods from statistical physics when applied to neighbouring disciplines. From birth-death processes in switching environments to discussions on the meaning of quasi-potential landscapes in high-dimensional spaces, this thesis is a shining example of the efficacy of interdisciplinary research. The fields advanced in this work include game theory, the dynamics of cancer, and invasion of mutants in resident populations, as well as general contributions to the theory of stochastic processes. The background material provides an intuitive introduction to the theory and applications of stochastic population dynamics, and the use of techniques from statistical physics in their analysis. The thesis then builds on these foundations to address problems motivated by biological phenomena.