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Measuring Time With Artifacts

Measuring Time With Artifacts
Author: R. Lee Lyman
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0803280521
Size: 28.72 MB
Format: PDF
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Combining historical research with a lucid explication of archaeological methodology and reasoning, Measuring Time with Artifacts examines the origins and changing use of fundamental chronometric techniques and procedures and analyzes the different ways American archaeologists have studied changes in artifacts, sites, and peoples over time. In highlighting the underpinning ontology and epistemology of artifact-based chronometers?cultural transmission and how to measure it archaeologically?this volume covers issues such as why archaeologists used the cultural evolutionism of L. H. Morgan, E. B. Tylor, L. A. White, and others instead of biological evolutionism; why artifact classification played a critical role in the adoption of stratigraphic excavation; how the direct historical approach accomplished three analytical tasks at once; why cultural traits were important analytical units; why paleontological and archaeological methods sometimes mirror one another; how artifact classification influences chronometric method; and how graphs illustrate change in artifacts over time. An understanding of the history of artifact-based chronometers enables us to understand how we know what we think we know about the past, ensures against modern misapplication of the methods, and sheds light on the reasoning behind archaeologists' actions during the first half of the twentieth century.
Measuring Time with Artifacts
Language: en
Pages: 346
Authors: R. Lee Lyman, Michael John O'Brien
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2006 - Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
Combining historical research with a lucid explication of archaeological methodology and reasoning, Measuring Time with Artifacts examines the origins and changing use of fundamental chronometric techniques and procedures and analyzes the different ways American archaeologists have studied changes in artifacts, sites, and peoples over time. In highlighting the underpinning ontology and epistemology of artifact-based chronometers?cultural transmission and how to measure it archaeologically?this volume covers issues such as why archaeologists used the cultural evolutionism of L. H. Morgan, E. B. Tylor, L. A. White, and others instead of biological evolutionism; why artifact classification played a critical role in the adoption of stratigraphic excavation; how the direct historical approach accomplished three analytical tasks at once; why cultural traits were important analytical units; why paleontological and archaeological methods sometimes mirror one another; how artifact classification influences chronometric method; and how graphs illustrate change in artifacts over time. An understanding of the history of artifact-based chronometers enables us to understand how we know what we think we know about the past, ensures against modern misapplication of the methods, and sheds light on the reasoning behind archaeologists' actions during the first half of the twentieth century.
2006/2007
Language: de
Pages: 2832
Authors: R. Lee Lyman, Michael John O'Brien
Categories: Reference
Type: BOOK - Published: 2011-09-15 - Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Die seit 1971 wieder erscheinende, interdisziplinäre, internationale Rezensionsbibliographie IBR ist eine einmalige Informationsquelle. Die Datenbank weist über 1,1 Millionen vornehmlich die Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften berücksichtigende Buchrezensionen in 6.000 vorwiegend europäischen wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften nach. 60.000 Eintragungen kommen jedes Jahr hinzu, bieten dem Benutzer Daten zum rezensierten Werk und zur Rezension.
Applying Evolutionary Archaeology
Language: en
Pages: 471
Authors: Michael J. O'Brien, R. Lee Lyman
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007-05-08 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Anthropology, and by extension archaeology, has had a long-standing interest in evolution in one or several of its various guises. Pick up any lengthy treatise on humankind written in the last quarter of the nineteenth century and the chances are good that the word evolution will appear somewhere in the text. If for some reason the word itself is absent, the odds are excellent that at least the concept of change over time will have a central role in the discussion. After one of the preeminent (and often vilified) social scientists of the nineteenth century, Herbert Spencer, popularized the term in the 1850s, evolution became more or less a household word, usually being used synonymously with change, albeit change over extended periods of time. Later, through the writings of Edward Burnett Tylor, Lewis Henry Morgan, and others, the notion of evolution as it applies to stages of social and political development assumed a prominent position in anthropological disc- sions. To those with only a passing knowledge of American anthropology, it often appears that evolutionism in the early twentieth century went into a decline at the hands of Franz Boas and those of similar outlook, often termed particularists. However, it was
Understanding the Archaeological Record
Language: en
Pages: 306
Authors: Gavin Lucas
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-02-06 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Machine generated contents note: 1. The trouble with theory; 2. The total record; 3. Formation theory; 4. Materialized culture; 5. Archaeological entities; 6. Archaeological interventions; 7. A 'new' social archaeology?
Milestones in Archaeology
Language: en
Pages: 639
Authors: Tim Murray
Categories: Reference
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007 - Publisher: ABC-CLIO
This engaging work uses key discoveries, events, people, techniques, and controversies to give the general reader a rich history of archaeology from its beginnings in the 16th century to the present. * 200 entries present chronological milestones in the history of archaeology * Includes 70 photographs and drawings of people, sites, and artifacts * Three maps locate sites mentioned throughout the text * Includes an extensive bibliography for introductory essays and each entry
Unit Issues in Archaeology
Language: en
Pages: 245
Authors: Ann Felice Ramenofsky, Anastasia Steffen
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 1998 - Publisher: University of Utah Press
This volume emphasizes one aspect of scientific method: units of measure and their construction as applied to archaeology. Attributes, artifact classes, locational designations, temporal periods, sampling universes, culture stages, and geographic regions are all examples of constructed units.
Spectral Analysis of Time-series Data
Language: en
Pages: 225
Authors: Rebecca M. Warner
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 1998-05-22 - Publisher: Guilford Press
This book provides a thorough introduction to methods for detecting and describing cyclic patterns in time-series data. It is written both for researchers and students new to the area and for those who have already collected time-series data but wish to learn new ways of understanding and presenting them. Facilitating the interpretation of observations of behavior, physiology, mood, perceptual threshold, social indicator variables, and other responses, the book focuses on practical applications and requires much less mathematical background than most comparable texts. Using real data sets and currently available software (SPSS for Windows), the author employs extensive examples to clarify key concepts. Topics covered include research design issues, preliminary data screening, identification and description of cycles, summary of results across time series, and assessment of relations between time series. Also considered are theoretical questions, problems of interpretation, and potential sources of artifact.
Mathematics and Archaeology
Language: en
Pages: 528
Authors: Juan A. Barcelo, Igor Bogdanovic
Categories: Mathematics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-06-08 - Publisher: CRC Press
Although many archaeologists have a good understanding of the basics in computer science, statistics, geostatistics, modeling, and data mining, more literature is needed about the advanced analysis in these areas. This book aids archaeologists in learning more advanced tools and methods while also helping mathematicians, statisticians, and computer scientists with no previous knowledge of the field realize the potential of the methods in archaeological experiments.
Internationale Bibliographie der Rezensionen wissenschaftlicher Literatur
Language: de
Pages:
Authors: Juan A. Barcelo, Igor Bogdanovic
Categories: Learning and scholarship
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007 - Publisher:
Books about Internationale Bibliographie der Rezensionen wissenschaftlicher Literatur
2006/2007
Language: de
Pages: 2832
Authors: De Gruyter, K. g. Saur, K G Saur Books
Categories: Reference
Type: BOOK - Published: 2008-06-17 - Publisher: De Gruyter Saur
Die seit 1971 wieder erscheinende, interdisziplinäre, internationale Rezensionsbibliographie IBR ist eine einmalige Informationsquelle. Die Datenbank weist über 1,1 Millionen vornehmlich die Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften berücksichtigende Buchrezensionen in 6.000 vorwiegend europäischen wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften nach. 60.000 Eintragungen kommen jedes Jahr hinzu, bieten dem Benutzer Daten zum rezensierten Werk und zur Rezension.