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Late Medieval Jewish Identities

Late Medieval Jewish Identities
Author: M. Alfonso
Publisher: New Middle Ages
ISBN:
Size: 16.62 MB
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Medieval Iberia offers one of the few examples of coexistence over an extended period of time between Jews, Muslims, and Christians in pre-modern Europe. Taking the Jewish community as a focal point, this book thoroughly explores the various “borders”—geographical divides, religious affiliations, gender boundaries, genre divisions—that ruled the lives and intellectual production of late medieval Jews. By shedding new light on the ways in which these boundaries generated the Jewish communities’ multiple, overlapping, and conflicting identities, this book breaks new ground in the study of cultural exchange in the Middle Ages.
Late Medieval Jewish Identities
Language: un
Pages: 306
Authors: M. Alfonso, Carmen Caballero-Navas, Esperanza Alfonso
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2010-11-15 - Publisher: New Middle Ages
Medieval Iberia offers one of the few examples of coexistence over an extended period of time between Jews, Muslims, and Christians in pre-modern Europe. Taking the Jewish community as a focal point, this book thoroughly explores the various “borders”—geographical divides, religious affiliations, gender boundaries, genre divisions—that ruled the lives and intellectual production of late medieval Jews. By shedding new light on the ways in which these boundaries generated the Jewish communities’ multiple, overlapping, and conflicting identities, this book breaks new ground in the study of cultural exchange in the Middle Ages.
The Secret Faith of Maestre Honoratus
Language: un
Pages: 320
Authors: Maud Kozodoy
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-07-29 - Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Until the summer of 1391, when anti-Jewish riots spread across the Iberian peninsula, the person subsequently known as Honoratus de Bonafide, a Christian physician and astrologer at the court of King Joan I of Aragon, had been the Jew Profayt Duran of Perpignan. The precise details of Duran's conversion are lost to us. We do know, however, that like many other conversos, he began to conduct his professional and public life as a Christian even as he rejected that new identity in private. What is extraordinary in his case is that instead of quietly making his individual way, he began to write works in Hebrew—including anti-Christian polemics—that revealed his intense inner commitment to remaining a Jew. Forced to reconceptualize Judaism under the pressures of his life as a converso, Duran elevated the principle of inner "intention" above that of ritual observance as the test of Jewish identity, ultimately claiming that the end purposes of Judaism can be attained through the study, memorization, and contemplation of the Hebrew Bible. Duran also conceived of Judaism as a profoundly rational religion, with a proud heritage of scientific learning; the interplay between scientific knowledge and Jewish identity took on a central role in his
Apostasy and Jewish Identity in High Middle Ages Northern Europe
Language: en
Pages: 176
Authors: Simha Goldin
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-11-12 - Publisher: Manchester University Press
The attitude of Jews living in the medieval Christian world to Jews who converted to Christianity or to Christians seeking to join the Jewish faith reflects the central traits that make up Jewish self-identification. The Jews saw themselves as a unique group chosen by God, who expected them to play a specific and unique role in the world. This study researches fully for the first time the various aspects of the way European Jews regarded members of their own fold in the context of lapses into another religion. It attempts to understand whether they regarded the issue of conversion with self-confidence or with suspicion, and whether their attitude was based on a clear theological position, or on issues of socialisation. The book will primarily interest students and lecturers of Jewish/Christian relations, the Middle Ages, Jews in the Medieval period, and inter-religious research.
Beyond History?
Language: un
Pages: 254
Authors: Jason W. Schnier
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2011 - Publisher:
Books about Beyond History?
Regional Identities and Cultures of Medieval Jews
Language: en
Pages: 320
Authors: Javier Castano, Talya Fishman, Ephraim Kanarfogel
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-05-04 - Publisher: Littman Library of Jewish
CONTRIBUTORS Javier Castano, Mordechai Cohen, Jonathan Decter, Talya Fishman, Avraham Grossman, Elisabeth Hollender , Moshe Idel , Ephraim Kanarfogel, Tzvi Langermann, Hananel Mack, Paul Mandel, Ivan Marcus, Lucia Raspe, Elchanan Reiner, Pinchas Roth, Richard Steiner, Michael Toch
Gentile Tales
Language: en
Pages: 280
Authors: Miri Rubin
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2004-05-03 - Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
During the late medieval period, accusations that Jews had abused Christ by desecrating the Eucharist created a powerful anti-Jewish movement and violent clashes quickly spread throughout Europe.
Jewish Identity in Early Modern Germany
Language: un
Pages: 188
Authors: Dean Phillip Bell
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007 - Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Drawing on a wide range of sources, including chronicles, liturgical works, books of customs, memorybooks, biblical commentaries, rabbinic responsa and community ledgers, this study offers a timely reassessment of Jewish community and identity during the frequently turbulent Reformation era.
The Religious Polemics of the Muslims of Late Medieval Christian Iberia
Language: en
Pages: 412
Authors: Mònica Colominas Aparicio
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-04-26 - Publisher: BRILL
The Religious Polemics of the Muslims of Late Medieval Christian Iberia examines the corpus of polemical literature against the Christians and the Jews of the protected Muslims (Mudejars) preserved in Arabic and in Aljamiado (Spanish in Arabic characters).
Vernacular Voices
Language: en
Pages: 272
Authors: Kirsten A. Fudeman
Categories: Religion
Type: BOOK - Published: 2011-06-06 - Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
A thirteenth-century text purporting to represent a debate between a Jew and a Christian begins with the latter's exposition of the virgin birth, something the Jew finds incomprehensible at the most basic level, for reasons other than theological: "Speak to me in French and explain your words!" he says. "Gloss for me in French what you are saying in Latin!" While the Christian and the Jew of the debate both inhabit the so-called Latin Middle Ages, the Jew is no more comfortable with Latin than the Christian would be with Hebrew. Communication between the two is possible only through the vernacular. In Vernacular Voices, Kirsten Fudeman looks at the roles played by language, and especially medieval French and Hebrew, in shaping identity and culture. How did language affect the way Jews thought, how they interacted with one another and with Christians, and who they perceived themselves to be? What circumstances and forces led to the rise of a medieval Jewish tradition in French? Who were the writers, and why did they sometimes choose to write in the vernacular rather than Hebrew? How and in what terms did Jews define their relationship to the larger French-speaking community? Drawing on a variety
Strategies of Medieval Communal Identity
Language: en
Pages: 186
Authors: Wout Jac. van Bekkum, Paul M. Cobb
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2004 - Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers
The leading theme of this collection of essays and studies is the diversity of aspects of medieval communal identity. While the authors were selected for the very diversity of their interests, their final papers do tend to cohere around some recurrent themes. All of the studies in this volume touch upon one or more of the complex issues that lie at the heart of religious identity in the Middle Ages. They do so through concrete study of the very real practices by which medieval Jews, Christians and Muslims could police the perimeters of their spiritual communities. The authors were especially urged to note instances where religious identity was shaped without reference to dogmas, creeds, or sacred law. In no case are any of these papers satisfied with normative, legal definitions of Jew, Christian, or Muslim in medieval times. Sometimes small and subtle, sometimes explicit, dire, and violent, the techniques that emerge from these studies testify to the diversity of strategies of medieval communal identity over space and their changes over time.